Honour - ST. VINCENT 1780

Date - 16-January
Type - Fleet or Squadron Actions
Conflict - American War of Independence; 1775-83

Description The action began about 12 miles south of Cape Finisterre.

A British fleet of 22 ships-of-the-line plus 9 frigates, encountered a Spanish fleet of 11 ships-of-the-line plus 2 frigates. The British gave chase before a strong westerly wind and about 1600hrs the Spanish rear was engaged. An hour later the Spanish San Domingo (70) blew up with only 1 from her crew of 600 surviving.

The battle continued throughout the night and by daybreak 6 Spanish ships-of-the-line had been taken. The as the weather worsened 2 other Spanish ships were abandoned as they were in danger of running aground.

Only good seamanship allowed the British ships to escape from a dangerous lee shore.

The Spanish lost 5,000 casualties, 5 British ships were severely damaged and lost a total of 300 casualties.


HM Ships
Ajax  Alcide  Alfred  Andromeda  Apollo 
Bedford  Bienfaisant  Culloden  Cumberland  Defence 
Edgar  Hyena  Invincible  Marlborough  Monarch 
Montagu  Pegasus  Prince George  Resolution  Royal George 
Sandwich  Terrible  Triton.     
This page last edited - 25 July, 2012.

Copyright Ian M King, except where otherwise indicated.