Honour - Gibraltar 1704

Date - 24 July
Type - Combined Operations
Conflict - War of the Spanish Succession; 1702-13 

Description Gibraltar, which commands the Western entrance to the Mediterranean Sea, was held by the Spanish. The British decided to take the town while the bulk of Admiral Sir George Rooks Fleet guarded the main French Fleet at Toulon.

A squadron under the command of George Byng landed a force of marines and troops under the command of the Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt. The troops were landed at the neck of the peninsula, which isolated the town from the mainland. Although the mole was defended by about 100 guns, the mole was swept by fire from the ships, and then stormed by sailors.

Bombardment of the town continued and the Spanish garrison surrendered on the 25th.

From that time the anchorage, repair facilities and store depots were of great strategic importance, especially during the first and second world war.

HM Ships
Berwick  Burford Dorsetshire  Eagle  Essex 
Grafton  Kingston  Lenox  Monck  Monmouth 
Montagu  Nassau  Nottingham  Ranelagh  Royal Katherine
Suffolk Swiftsure Yarmouth     
This page last edited - 05 April, 2013.

Copyright Ian M King, except where otherwise indicated.